This patchy hair loss occurs most often on the scalp but can affect other parts of the body as well. Uncommonly, the hair loss involves the entire scalp (in which case the condition is known as alopecia totalis) or the whole body (alopecia universalis).
What parts of the body are affected by alopecia?
Alopecia areata usually affects the head and face, though hair can be lost from any part of the body. Hair typically falls out in small, round patches about the size of a quarter. In some cases, hair loss is more extensive.
Can you get alopecia all over your body?
Hair loss (alopecia) can affect just your scalp or your entire body, and it can be temporary or permanent. It can be the result of heredity, hormonal changes, medical conditions or a normal part of aging. Anyone can lose hair on their head, but it’s more common in men.
Can alopecia cause other problems?
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease where your immune system attacks its own healthy hair follicles. Studies show that people with alopecia areata can have other autoimmune diseases, such as thyroid disease.
Can alopecia areata affect body hair?
With alopecia areata, hair may get thin or stop growing. That’s because your immune system attacks hair follicles, making it hard for hair to grow. You may get bald patches on your head or other body parts. You might lose your eyebrows or eyelashes.
Can alopecia affect pubic hair?
If all of your scalp hair follicles are affected, leading to total baldness of the scalp, it’s referred to as alopecia totalis. If all of your body hair, including your pubic hair, is affected, leading to complete hair loss, it’s called alopecia universalis. Alopecia affects both men and women.
Is alopecia a lifelong disease?
Alopecia areata occurs when the body’s immune system mistakes hair follicles as foreign and attacks them. This causes the hairs to fall out. This specific form of autoimmunity is a lifelong tendency that can be inherited from either parent.
Does alopecia ever go away?
Thankfully, mild cases of alopecia areata often get better without treatment within a few months to a year. In some cases, patchy baldness may come and go over many months or years. The size of the bald patch or patches and how long they last are quite variable.
How do you beat alopecia?
Beating baldness: tips and ways to avoid hair loss
- 1) Prescription medications. Minoxidil increases blood flow and nutrient uptake to the follicles. …
- 2) Use a laser comb. …
- 3) Change your hair products. …
- 4) Avoid hot showers. …
- 5) Switch to anti-DHT shampoos. …
- 6) Try scalp massage. …
- 7) Have a transplant.
Is alopecia a serious disease?
Alopecia areata isn’t usually a serious medical condition, but it can cause a lot of anxiety and sadness. Support groups are out there to help you deal with the psychological effects of the condition. If you lose all your hair, it could grow back.
Does alopecia affect skin?
Alopecia areata is an acquired skin disease that can affect all hair-bearing skin and is characterized by localized areas of non-scarring alopecia (hair loss). Alopecia areata is occasionally associated with other medical problems. Most often these bald areas regrow their hair spontaneously.
Does alopecia cause tiredness?
Malnourishment or lack of nutrients
If your hair loss occurs along with symptoms such as lethargy, tiredness, or feeling sluggish, you may be having a deficiency of certain nutrients.
How quickly does alopecia spread?
People with alopecia areata typically have smooth, round patches of complete hair loss that develop over a period of a few weeks, followed in most cases by regrowth over several months (picture 1). However, alopecia areata may persist for several years and sometimes hair never regrows.
Can hair grow back after alopecia universalis?
When a person has alopecia universalis, their hair follicles are still alive and able to regrow hair. In fact, some people may find that the condition goes away on its own after a few months or years. But in some cases, a person may experience permanent hair loss.
Can alopecia be cured naturally?
There is little scientific evidence that alopecia areata is caused by stress. People with alopecia areata who have only a few patches of hair loss often experience a spontaneous, full recovery, without the need for treatment. There is no cure for alopecia areata.
Does alopecia grow back?
There is no cure for alopecia areata. If you have a few, small patches of hair loss on your head, it’s likely your hair will grow back within a few months. Your doctor may not prescribe treatment in those cases. For larger areas of hair loss, your doctor may prescribe steroid injections under your scalp.