It usually begins with the hair on your head. There are three severe forms of alopecia, including: Areata (patchy hair loss on your head) Totalis (complete hair loss on your head)
Where does alopecia start on the head?
Symptoms of alopecia areata
Hair usually falls out in small patches on the scalp. These patches are often several centimeters or less. Hair loss might also occur on other parts of the face, like the eyebrows, eyelashes, and beard, as well as other parts of the body. Some people lose hair in a few places.
How does alopecia start?
When you have alopecia areata, cells in your immune system surround and attack your hair follicles (the part of your body that makes hair). This attack on a hair follicle causes the attached hair to fall out. The more hair follicles that your immune system attacks, the more hair loss you will have.
What does alopecia look like when it first starts?
A common symptom includes small, round patches of hair loss on the scalp, beard area, or other “hairy” parts of the body. Those with alopecia may also notice hair loss and regrowth at the same time, but in different areas of the body. Hair may also only be missing from one side of the scalp and not the other.
Can you suddenly develop alopecia?
Alopecia occurs for many different reasons and presents in various ways. It can occur suddenly or develop gradually over time. Sudden-onset causes include illness, diet, medications, and childbirth. Alopecia that has a gradual onset more likely has a genetic component.
How quickly does hair fall out with alopecia?
How Long does Hair Loss Last? In half of patients with alopecia areata, individual episodes of hair loss last less than one year, and hair grows back without treatment. These patients may experience recurrent episodes of hair loss that spontaneously regrow or respond quickly to treatments.
When will my alopecia go away?
Thankfully, mild cases of alopecia areata often get better without treatment within a few months to a year. In some cases, patchy baldness may come and go over many months or years.
Is alopecia caused by stress?
It develops when your immune system attacks your hair follicles. This may be triggered by stress, and it can result in hair loss.
Is alopecia areata itchy?
Non-scarring alopecias associated with scalp itch include alopecia areata and androgenetic alopecia. Patients with active alopecia areata often complain of mild itching or burning, which often precedes development of new patches.
What causes female alopecia?
Alopecia can be divided into disorders in which the hair follicle is normal but the cycling of hair growth is abnormal and disorders in which the hair follicle is damaged. Androgenetic alopecia is the most common cause of hair loss in women.
How do you stop autoimmune hair loss?
As alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease, several treatments involve the use of immunosuppressant drugs. Other forms of treatment involve stimulating hair growth. This works best for those with less severe hair loss.
What causes alopecia flare ups?
While alopecia isn’t specifically linked to stress, it’s more likely to flare up during times when you’re experiencing high levels of stress. If you notice that you’re stressed out, try to isolate what exactly is stressing you out so you can eliminate it.
What causes sudden alopecia?
Sudden hair loss is typically a sign of two conditions: telogen effluvium or alopecia areata. Telogen effluvium is commonly caused by stress, which increases the natural rate of hair loss. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition that causes your body to attack its hair follicles, resulting in hair loss.
Is alopecia areata reversible?
There is currently no cure for alopecia areata, although there are some forms of treatment that can be suggested by doctors to help hair re-grow more quickly. The most common form of alopecia areata treatment is the use of corticosteroids, powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that can suppress the immune system.
What is the main cause of alopecia?
The most common cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition that happens with aging. This condition is called androgenic alopecia, male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness.